It was in 1907 that the Prix de Malleret, up until then contested over a course of 1 mile and open to both 3 year-old colts and fillies, was set aside solely for fillies as a consolation event for the Prix de Diane – run ten days afterwards over a mile and 2 furlongs. Consequently, in 1907, La Belle II, Anémone II and Ad Gloriam, having come 3rd, 4th and 5th in the Prix de Diane, lined up in this new-format Prix de Malleret, where they finished 2nd, 3rd and 4th (but in reverse order) after being outstripped by a newcomer, Aux Armes, who would later foal the 1914 Prix de Diane winner, Alerte VI.
With one exception (1 mile 1 ¾ furlongs in 1970), the distance remained unchanged for eight decades. It was only in 1987 that it was increased to a mile and a half, its current distance. For a long time, Longchamp was the sole venue for the Prix de Malleret, which was only switched to Maisons-Laffitte in 1943 and 1944 due to war, but from 2001, the race relocated to Saint-Cloud to reinforce the Grand Prix day race card. In 1936, the Prix de Malleret produced a dead heat, between Renommée and Love Call. The record time for the race over a mile and 2 furlongs is held by Chatter Box: 2' 00'' 70/100 in 1970. Over a mile and a half, it is jointly held by Wemyss Bight (1993) and Another Dancer (1998), who covered the distance in 2' 28''. Not run from 1915 to 1918 or in 1940, the Prix de Malleret will be contested for the 103rd time in 2014 and will bear the name Abu Dhabi Prix de Malleret thanks to the backing of the Emirates Equestrian Federation since 2010.
Malleret is an estate – benefiting from a mild climate, almost always settled – in the Medoc region where its owner Paul Clossmann set up thoroughbred stables and a training ground around 1875. On four occasions, his silks (orange and violet-ringed jersey, black cap) were victorious in the Derby du Midi (main race for 3 year-olds, held at Bordeaux) thanks to Le Mormon (1877), Arnold (1880), Chapeau Rouge (1887) and Saint-Hubert (1888). When Paul Clossmann died, the estate passed into the hands of his sister, the Marquise d'Escayrac, who in turn left it to her daughter, the Marquise du Vivier. Her husband, Philippe du Vivier de Fay-Solignac, developed the Malleret stable and sold the yearlings it produced. Among those to distinguish themselves were Verte Allure (Grand Steeple-Chase de Dieppe 1928), Tape à l'Œil (Grand Prix du Printemps at Saint-Cloud, 1928), Rais de Cœur (Prix Georges Trabaud at Marseille, 1928) and Pontet Canet (Prix Jacques Le Marois at Deauville, 1930). Upon the death of Philippe du Vivier, his widow continued to breed horses for a short while, before leasing the stud farm in 1936 to Paul and René Duboscq, who entered into partnership with her son, Marquis Renaud du Vivier. Consequently, Malleret went on to produce La Sorellina (Prix de Diane and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe 1953) and her half-brother Silnet (second in the same edition of the Arc de Triomphe). After the partnership broke up in 1963, the Marquis du Vivier continued breeding horses alone at Malleret, producing La Lagune (Oaks 1968), who was sold as a yearling, and La Manille who, in the Marquis’s own colours, had an excellent season in 1971, clinching the Prix Messaline, coming 2nd in the Prix Pénélope and Prix Pomone and 3rd in the Oaks. When the Marquis du Vivier passed away in 1985, Malleret was taken over by his nephew Bertrand du Vivier, but when he too died, the domain was sold by his son Alain to a third party who chose not to maintain Malleret’s thoroughbred breeding tradition.
A brief history
The Prix de Malleret honours list includes the names of many mares renowned for their performance on the track or at stud. These include: in 1920 Lasarte (dam of Thor, Jockey Club), in 1921 Ad Gloriam II (grandmother of Le Pacha), in 1926 Carissima (dam of the famous Pharis), in 1929 Calandria (Prix Royal Oak, Prix Vermeille), in 1935 Samos (Arc de Triomphe), in 1937 Barberybush (grandmother of Right Royal), in 1944 La Belle du Canet (Prix Vermeille), in 1947 Madelon (3rd in Arc de Triomphe), in 1955 Picounda (3rd in Arc de Triomphe), in 1957 Denisy (2nd in Arc de Triomphe), in 1969 Glaneuse (dam of Gold River), in 1972 Licata (dam of Acamas and Akiyda), in 1973 Virunga (dam of Vin de France, grandmother of Victoire Bleue), in 1989 Young Mother (Prix Vermeille), in 1990 Miss Alleged (Breeders' Cup Turf), in 1991 Magic Night (Prix Vermeille), in 1993 Wemyss Bight (Irish Oaks), in 1999 Sage et Jolie (mother of Sageburg), in 2002 Pearly Shells (Prix Vermeille).
Marcel Boussac holds the record with six wins: Lasarte (1920), Carissima (1926), Bellecour (1927), Argolide (1938), Damaka (1951) and Licata (1972).
5 Khaled Abdullah: Wemyss Bight (1993), Bonash (1994), Privity (1995), High Praise (2003) and Treat Gently (2008).
4 Edouard Martinez de Hoz: Lucide (1925), Calandria (1929), Merveille (1930) and Fair Dolly (1948).
3 Jean Prat: Nantua (1931), Napée (1933) and Renommée (1936, dead-heat).
3 Prince Karim Aga Khan : Kozana (1985), Shamadara (1996) and Ashalanda (2009).
3 Wertheimer & Frère: Silver Fun (1997), America (2000) and Légèreté (2007).
2 Baron Edouard de Rothschild: Stearine (1919) and Honeysuckle (1922).
2 Jean Ternynck: Camargue II (1949) and White Heather (1961).
2 Jean-Luc Lagardère: Sage and Jolie (1995) and Diamilina (2001).
The record of seven wins is held by André Fabre: Zoumorrod (1987), Wemyss Bight (1993), Bonash (1994), Sage et Jolie (1995), Diamilina (2001), Légèreté (2007) and Treat Gently (2008).
6 Frank Carter: Allamanda (1911), Lucide (1925), Calandria (1929), Merveille (1930), Samos (1935) and Barberybush (1937).
4 François Boutin: Antrona (1976), Calderina (1978), Grease (1982) and Trishyde (1992).
4 Mme Christiane Head-Maarek: Reine Mathilde (1984), Animatrice (1988), Silver Fun (1997) and America (2000).
4 Pascal Bary: Miss Alleged (1990), Privity (1995), Royal Highness (2005) and Testostérone (2011).
3 Robert Denman: Messaouda (1909), Carissima (1926) and Bellecour (1927).
3 Henry Harper: Nantua (1931), Napée (1933) and Renommée (1936, dead-heat).
3 Percy Carter: Allumeuse (1932), Fair Dolly (1948) and Fast Jane (1958).
3 William Clout: Picounda (1955), Torbella (1958) and Sea Nymph (1960).
3 Alain de Royer-Dupré: Kozana (1985), Shamadara (1996) and Ashalanda (2009).
2 Clément Duval: Stearine (1919) and Honeysuckle (1922).
2 Georges Pelat: Madelon (1947) and Denisy (1957).
2 Richard Carver senior: Neda (1950) and Noory (1953).
2 Alec Head: Glaneuse (1969) and Azurella (1974).
Charles-Henri Semblat holds the record with seven wins: Edera (1923), Lucide (1925), Carissima (1926), Calandria (1929), Merveille (1930), Nantua (1931) and Samos (1935).
5 Olivier Peslier: Privity (1995), Sage et Jolie (1995), Diamilina (2001), Time On (2006) and Légèreté (2007).
4 Yves Saint-Martin: Mirna (1964), Virunga (1973), Leandra (1981) and Kozana (1985).
3 Albert Sharpe: Allamanda (1911), Rivista (1914) and Lasarte (1920).
3 William Johnstone: Zoazo (1939), Damaka (1951) and Picounda (1955).
3 Léon Flavien: Camargue II (1949), Sea Nymph (1960) and Licata (1972).
3 Freddy Palmer: Fast Jane (1956), Torbella (1958) and Wakamba (1962).
3 Jean Deforge: Dark Wave (1965), Si Sage (1966) and Ingrette (1967).
3 Freddy Head: Azurella (1974), Reine Mathilde (1984) and Trishyde (1992).
3 Cash Asmussen: Grease (1982), Zoumorrod (1987) and Another Dancer (1998).
3 Thierry Jarnet: Wemyss Bight (1993), Bonash (1994) and Lune d'Or (2004).
2 George Bartholomew: Aux Armes (1907) and Ardèche (1913).
2 Matthew MacGee: Stearine (1919) and Honeysuckle (1922).
2 Fernand Rochetti: Gratis (1928) and Love Call (1936, dead-heat).
2 Guy Duforez: Allumeuse (1932) and La Belle du Canet (1944).
2 Roger Poincelet: Nibelle (1941) and White Heather (1961).
2 Paul Blanc: Fair Dolly (1948) and Noory (1953).
2 Jacky Taillard: Glaneuse (1969) and Infra Green (1975).
2 Philippe Paquet: Antrona (1976) and Calderina (1978).
2 Maurice Philipperon: Les Saintes Claires (1977) and Luth de Saron (1980).
2 Alfred Gibert: Pitasia (1979) and Galunpe (1986).
2 Alain Badel: Young Mother (1989) and Magic Night (1991).
2 Olivier Doleuze: Silver Fun (1997) and America (2000).
2 Stéphane Pasquier: Treat Gently (2008) and Testostérone (2011).