First run in 1853 at Chantilly as the Grand Criterium, its name was changed in 2003 to the Prix Jean-Luc Lagardere in tribute to the president of France Galop, who died on 14 March that year. The race will be held for the 153rd time in 2013. It was switched to Longchamp in 1857, and was cancelled in 1870, 1914-1918, 1939 and 1940. Tremblay hosted the race in 1943 and 1944. Originally contested over 7½ furlongs, it was extended by half a furlong in 1864, and shortened to 7 furlongs in 2001. Record time over 1 mile: short track, 1' 36'' by Hula Dancer in 1962; long track, 1' 37'' 60/100 by Loup Solitaire in 1995. Over 7 furlongs: 1’ 18’’ 40/100 by Naaqoos in 2008. The race has ended in a dead heat on two occasions. In 1879 Basilique beat Louis d'Or by a neck in a rerun, and in 1941 Marcel Boussac and Ernest Masurel, the respective owners of Nosca and Martia, decided to share the race. The smallest fields in the history of the race were three in 1857, 1858, 1861 and 1999; and four in 1891, 1905 and 1994. The largest were 19 in 1873 and 1926; and 18 in 1875, 1879 and 1880.
Jean-Luc Lagardere (1928-2003).
A qualified engineer who became a captain of industry (owning Hachette, Matra and other major aeronautical and defence companies), he was also one of the most prominent figures in French horse racing and pure breeding in his capacity as a breeder, owner and administrator.
A passionate racing lover and breeder, he bought his first yearling filly at the Deauville sales in 1966 and his second the following year, Reine des Sables. A successful flat racer, she was the granddam of Resless Kara, the 1988 Prix de Diane winner. At the Newmarket sales in 1969 he snapped up the first of his broodmares, Lutine (the future granddam of Linamix) and sent her to the Val Henry stud farm (near Livarot, Normandy), which he had opened in 1967. In doing so he laid the foundations for a breeding empire that would be expanded in July 1981 with the purchase of the historic stud farm at Ouilly, where Francois Dupre reared his top racehorses.
Within three decades of starting out Jean-Luc Lagardere had become the top breeder in France, claiming the number one position in 1988, one he would occupy a further 11 times up to 2005. In 1995 he achieved a long-cherished dream when Miss Satamixa (sired by the Ouilly-bred Linamix, the winner of the 1990 Poule d'Essai des Poulains, in his first year at stud), gave him his first Group I win in the Prix Jacques Le Marois. She was the first winner to roll off an extraordinarily successful production line, and the culmination of the programme that the breeder had put in place, although, as Lagardere himself recognised, it had taken some time to come to fruition: "Overall, I would say that it’s easier to be the leader in the field of technology than in breeding because there are so many factors beyond your control. The job of crossing and the rewards that may follow all hinge on the balance between taking your time and watching closely."
On 3 May 1995 Jean-Luc Lagardere was elected president of French racing’s governing body, France Galop. It was not a job he had aspired to, the body asking for the support of the undemonstrative 67-year-old, who was nevertheless a very keen observer of a sport in which he had become one of the main players. The new president took on the challenge of addressing the problems faced by the organisation, assuring that he had not taken the post to oversee its inexorable decline. Bolstered by his maxim, "French racing is a wonderful asset", he expressed the belief that "the organisation can be saved and can flourish in the future provided that all its members speak with a single voice and out of a firm belief in changing things for the better, re-establishing in the process a genuine partnership with the state. After all, we are all driven by the same passion, to serve horseracing as best we can."
At the head of France Galop, Jean-Luc Lagardere would ensure the continued existence of French racing by championing a new vision, and ushering in a host of changes and innovations during the course of his eight-year presidency: he brought flat racing and harness racing together, a union that had been fiercely resisted by some. In the drive towards expansion; he promised to decentralise the sport by setting up regional centres with the support of local bodies; he transformed the malfunctioning Tote into a dynamic commercial enterprise by providing the racing industry with the resources it needed to restore its ailing health; and he also brought racing to television, helping the sport reach a new audience while also keeping the regulars happy.
This radical transformation was carried out with the consent of the members of the various boards, all of them with widely differing origins and representing multiple interests at the same time yet willing, nevertheless, to give him a third term as president at the end of 2003. His sustained success can be attributed to a willingness to listen and the entrepreneurial spirit of a man who remained intensely and passionately involved in breeding, the very activity upon which the sport is founded.
The crowning achievement of Jean-Luc Lagardere’s career in racing came in 1998 when his horse Sagamix won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, Linamix was the champion sire of the season, and he himself finished the year as both the leading owner and trainer.
In the grey silks and pink cap (formerly the colours of Francois Dupre and adopted by the Lagardere family in 1986), Jean-Luc Lagardere’s horses picked up no fewer than 12 Group I wins: the Prix de Diane (Resless Kara) in 1988; the Poule d'Essai des Poulains (Linamix) in 1990; the Prix Jacques Le Marois (Miss Satamixa) in 1995; the Prix Saint-Alary (Luna Wells) in 1996; the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud (Fragrant Mix) and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (Sagamix) in 1998; the Grand Prix de Paris (Slickly) and the Prix Royal Oak (Amilynx) in 1999; the Prix Royal Oak (Amilynx) once more and the Criterium de Saint-Cloud (Sagacity) in 2000; and the Poule d'Essai des Poulains (Vahorimix) and the Prix Jacques Le Marois (Vahorimix) in 2001.
Four other Group I races have been won by Ouilly-bred horses after being sold to other owners: the Prix du Jockey Club (Polytain) in 2000; the Prix du Moulin de Longchamp (Slickly) and the Breeders' Cup Mile (Val Royal) in 2001; and the Prix Ganay (Fair Mix) in 2003.
Two months before his death, his progeny Clodovil came home first in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains (Group I), and the grey and pink were much in evidence again in 2004 thanks to three quality juveniles: Diamond Green (second in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, the St James's Palace Stakes, and the Prix du Moulin at Longchamp), Valixir (third in the Prix du Jockey Club) and Cherry Mix (first in the Grand Prix de Deauville, and second in the Arc de Triomphe). In spring 2005, however, the Lagardere farm was sold en bloc to Prince Karim Aga Khan. The silks may have disappeared, but the progenies of the Ouilly stud continued to excel themselves at the highest level, claiming four Group I wins through Valixir (Prix Ganay and the Queen Anne Stakes), Vadawina (Prix Saint Alary) and Carlotamix (Criterium International).
A brief history.
It is the oldest and richest of France’s races for two-year-olds, and its most prestigious and famous. Fittingly its first winner in 1853 was called Celebrity.
Held in late September or early October, it was always considered the blue riband race for two-year-olds. The 1900 race offered a purse of 30,000 F to the winner, more than the other races open to juveniles in an already very busy autumn calendar. The situation was as follows at the turn of the 19th century. After its return from Deauville (Prix Morny) and Baden-Baden (Zukunfts Rennen, also known as the Prix de l'Avenir), seven races were organised around the Grand Criterium:
1. The Prix La Rochette (20,000 F, created in 1882), the first leg of a three-race programme, was run at Longchamp in early September over 5½ furlongs on the sprint track (where the horses had to pull up quickly after crossing the line) and was open to horses still owned by the breeder that reared them.
2. The Prix de la Salamandre (10,000 F, first run in 1872), which was held in mid-September and was moved from Chantilly to Longchamp in 1900 and run over 7 furlongs. Prize money for the 1908 race was raised to 15,000 F in 1908.
3. The Criterium de Maisons-Laffitte (10,000 F, created in 1891) was another 7-furlong race held in mid-September, with the purse for the 1904 race standing at 20,000 F.
4. The Criterium International (25,000 F), created in 1893 and run a fortnight or so after the Grand Criterium over 5½ furlongs on the sprint track at Longchamp. The race was cancelled in 1911 when the expected foreign entrants failed to turn up.
5. The Prix de Conde (15,000 F, held for the first time in 1867) took place in mid-October and was run over 1¼ miles at Chantilly before being switched to Longchamp in 1907. In 1911 the purse was raised to 20,000 F.
6. Another mid-October race was the Prix de la Foret (20,000 F, first race in 1858) which pitched two-year-olds against their elders over 7 furlongs at Chantilly. Moved to Longchamp in 1907 and run over 1 mile, the race’s purse was increased to 30,000 F in 1911.
7. And finally, at the end of October, the Prix Eclipse (10,000 F, first contested in 1891), a 6-furlong race on the sprint track at Maisons-Laffitte and with a purse of 20,000F in 1906.
Although the calendar remained unchanged in the aftermath of the First World War, the purses on offer were increased substantially, the result of intense competition between race organisers. In 1909, the Deauville Racing Association increased prize money for the Prix Morny from 25,000 to 40,000 F. The Societe d'Encouragement followed suit in 1910 by raising the purse for the Grand Criterium to the same level. They were both trumped, however, by the Societe Sportive d'Encouragement, which doubled the purse for the 1911 Omnium de Deux Ans (run in July and the future Prix Robert Papin) to 50,000 F.
Following the re-organisation of European races into groups in 1971, French racing afforded Group I status to six of its races for two-year-olds: the Prix Robert Papin, the Prix Morny, the Prix de la Salamandre, the Criterium des Pouliches (created in 1969), the Grand Criterium and the Prix de la Foret (2yos and over). Over the next two decades or so two further changes were made. In 1987 the Criterium de Saint-Cloud (a mid-ranking race set up after the racecourse opened in 1901, but which grew in stature in 1924 when it was lengthened to 1¼ miles) was promoted to the Group I category, with the Prix Robert Papin being demoted to Group II the following year.
The advent of the 21st century saw further changes to the calendar, no fewer than four of them made in 2001: the Prix de la Salamandre was removed altogether; the Grand Criterium was shortened to 7 furlongs (the distance of the defunct Prix de la Salamandre); the 1-mile Criterium International was introduced at Saint-Cloud in November; and the Criterium de Saint-Cloud was moved back to the week before the new Criterium International.
These switches were made because the Prix de la Salamandre was being systematically targeted by two-year-olds trained overseas, many of them from the USA, and because the average number of starters had dropped to 6.3 over the ten previous years. In addition the Grand Criterium was being overlooked by French mounts concerned as to their futures as three-year-olds and unwilling to take on their more precocious foreign competitors in early October. Hence the race’s chronic inability to attract entrants, with an average of only 6.6 starters in the last ten years, a figure that drops to 6.2 over the last five.
Results from the first twelve years:
2001: only five starters in a Grand Criterium dominated by the Irish outsider Rock of Gibraltar.
2002: a fourteen-strong field was led home by another Irish challenger Hold That Tiger, followed by the Italian Le Vie Dei Colori and the home-based Intercontinental.
2003: Aidan O'Brien’s three Irish contenders dominated their three French competitors, with American Post striding to an easy win.
2004: another field of six with only two French horses this time, Early March and Layman, who were narrowly shaded by Oratorio, giving O'Brien another triumph.
2005: the size of the field remained unchanged for the third year running, as did the winning trainer, Horatio Nelson entering the winner’s enclosure on O’Brien’s behalf yet again.
2006: nine starters including six foreigners, who occupied the 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th places, with the victory going to Holy Roman Emperor, from the stable of… Aidan O’Brien.
2007: eight starters, seven from across the Channel and one bred at Chantilly, Shediak, who claimed a creditable third. Aidan O’Brien’s pair of representatives were not placed, with victory going to their direct rival Rio de la Plata from the Godolphin stables.
2008, seven starters, with four from across the Channel taking on three French horses, two of whom, Naaqoos and Milanais, clinched first and second place. Mastercraftman, representing the O’Brien stable and unbeaten in four attempts, had to content himself with fourth place; he would make up for it as a 3-year-old.
2009: another field of seven including five foreign bred horses. Aidan O’Brien’s Beethoven finished down the field and the French horse Siyouni in the Aga Khan’s colours and out of a “Lagardere” horse took the laurels. The other French runner, Lope de Vega, finished fourth but would go on to win the Poule d’Essai and the Jockey Club as a three year-old.
2010: nine starters, including five foreigners. One of these, Wootton Basset (unbeaten after four races), took an easy lead from the start of the race and won, with two French horses, Maiguri and Tin Horse, trailing in his wake. Tin Horse went on to win the Poule d’Essai des Poulains at 3 years old.
2011: seven starters, including two foreign runners. The winner, French-born Dabirsim, trained at La Teste by Christophe Ferland, took the laurels in his first four races, including the Prix Morny.
2012: eight starters, including five foreign horses, one of which was the future winner of the race. Olympic Glory, trained by Richard-M. Hannon, had already won two Group II races in Britain before taking the laurels in the 2012 Prix Jean-Luc Lagardere.
There were six starters in the 2001 Criterium International, with victory going to the Chantilly-trained Act One, who saw off his rivals with nonchalant ease, all of them from outside France. There was one fewer entrant for the 2002 race but Chantilly remained supreme as Dalakhani outran a field containing three foreign challengers. Seven horses contested the race in 2003, four of them overseas-based and all of them soundly beaten as Bago romped home by six lengths. 2004 saw a straight battle between four French horses and a foreign quartet. When the clear favourite Early March faltered, another home-grown challenger Helios Quercus took up the gauntlet and held off an attack by England’s Dubai Surprise. Disappointingly, though the winner was unable to repeat such form as a three-year-old. The six runners and riders in the 2005 race comprised just one overseas-based horse, Aidan O’Brien’s Poseidon Adventure, who finished a lowly fourth. On good going and racing on the rails, Carlotamix ran out an easy winner ahead of Stormy River, who nevertheless proved far superior as a three-year-old. In 2006, the ten starters included six foreigners, who secured first and third places courtesy of Mount Nelson and Yellowstone, two of Aidan O’Brien’s protégés, despite the valiant defence mounted by France’s Spirit One. In 2007, the six starters included only two foreigners (but none for O’Brien), who had to content themselves with third and fourth place, the victory going to André Fabre’s American-born protégé, Thewayyouare. In 2009, seven horses took the field including two O’Brien proteges, one of whom, Jan Vermeer, triumphed ahead of Godolphin’s, Emerald Commander and the Prix Marcel Boussac winner, Rosanara. It was O’Brien again who triumphed in 2010, with a single horse in the race. Roderic O’Connor easily beat the French horses Salto and Maiguri, followed by three British and four more French horses.
There were eleven starters in 2011, with victory going to French horse French Fifteen, ahead of German steed Pakal, English-born Bonfire and Ireland’s Learn. In 2012, there were only six competitors, including two from across the channel which would take first and second place, with English horse Anna’s Pearl being pipped to the post by Ireland’s Loch Garman, who had clinched a triumphant debut win in Navan a week previously.
At first sight the new Grand Criterium appeared to be a straight replacement for the former Prix de la Salamandre even though it was scheduled three weeks later. As for the Criterium International, although it has proved an attractive proposition for foreign horses, they have recorded just five successes and had to give way to French horses on seven occasions, three of them very fine mounts who benefited from a few extra weeks of training to overcome the odds. Act One provided one such example by finishing second to Sulamani in the 2002 Prix du Jockey Club, which was won in fine style a year later by Dalakhani en route to claiming the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. This quality was confirmed in 2004 by Bago, the winner of the Prix Jean Prat, the Grand Prix de Paris and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.
The key role played by fillies.
Since its inception in 1853, 36 of the 153 winners of the Grand Criterium (one dead heat in 1941) have been fillies (23.52%). These statistics are slightly deceptive, however. Among the 60 winners between 1853 and 1913, 19 were fillies (31.7%), with a further six figuring among the 20 winners between 1919 and 1938 (30%). Their success rate dropped off alarmingly thereafter with only 11 fillies appearing among the 73 winners between 1941 and 2012. No filly has won the race in the last 15 years since a remarkable streak of four consecutive wins between 1983 and 1986 (Treizieme, Alydar's Best, Femme Elite and Danishkada), the latter wisely opting out of the Criterium des Pouliches, which on paper is generally the easier race.
Through the years many fillies have overshadowed their male counterparts and confirmed their immense talent as three-year-olds. Here are just some of the Classic races they have won:
Poule d'Essai des Pouliches: Isabella (1860), Stradella (1861), May Pole (1888), Roxelane (1896), Sauge Pourpree (1907), Caravelle (1942) and Apollonia (1955).
Prix de Diane: Stradella, Sornette (1869), Roxelane, Dorina (1925), Mistress Ford (1935), Caravelle and Apollonia. Prix Vermeille: Durban (1920), Dorina and Mistress Ford.
Grand Prix de Paris: Sornette.
One Thousand Guineas: Bella Paola (1957) and Hula Dancer (1962).
Oaks: Bella Paola.
The most successful of them, each with two Classic wins as three-year-olds are Stradella, Sornette, Roxelane, Dorina, Mistress Ford, Caravelle, Apollonia and Bella Paola.
A stepping-stone to the Classics for three-year-olds.
Colts winning the Grand Criterium have also won the following classic races:
1. Poule d'Essai des Poulains: Revigny (1871), Vinicius (1902), Val d'Or (1904), Ouadi Halfa (1906), Indus (1930), Brantome (1933), Rigolo (1947), Tantieme (1949), Right Royal (1960), Neptunus (1963), Soleil (1965), Blushing Groom (1976), Irish River (1978), Recitation (1980), Kendor (1988), Hector Protector (1990) and American Post (2004).
2. Prix du Jockey Club: Celebrity (1853), Revigny (1871), Jongleur (1876), Stuart (1887), Sicambre (1950), Right Royal (1960) and Hard to Beat (1971).
3. Grand Prix de Paris: Stuart (1887), Rueil (1891), Dolma Baghtche (1893), Kefalin (1921), Sicambre (1950) and Fijar Tango (1987).
4. Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe: Kantar (1927), Brantome (1933) and Tantieme (1949).
Some other famous names.
Some of the race’s many winners have enjoyed unique careers:
- Mlle de Fligny (1868): the winner of ten races (three at Baden-Baden, two at Bordeaux and the rest at Deauville, Moulins, Nevers, Longchamp and Marseille, Bordeaux) out of 12 starts as a two-year-old, a record that was not bettered until 1957 by Texana, who won all 11 races she contested that year.
- Swift (1878): the winner of nine races out of ten, being beaten into third by her elders in the Prix de la Foret.
- Holocauste (1898): the brother on his mother’s side of Gardefeu (Prix du Jockey Club). Broke a leg in the English Derby when well ahead of the eventual winner Flying Fox.
- Prestige (1905): unbeaten in his seven starts as a juvenile and in his first nine races as a three-year old. The first two-year-old to complete the Omnium de Deux Ans-Morny-Grand Criterium-La Foret quadruple.
- Epinard (1922): the fastest horse to be bred in France. Left at the post in the Prix Morny, the Pierre Wertheimer progeny won the six other races he contested as a juvenile, using his searing pace to leave his rivals trailing.
- Pantalon (1932): victory in the Grand Criterium was his seventh triumph in 11 starts that season. A small, mottled white colt, his breeder Jean Stern bade him farewell on 29 March following a claiming race. His first buyer Guy de Mola sold him on a matter of weeks later after another victory in another claiming race. His buyer on that occasion was the trainer David Englander. It proved to be an astute purchase, Pantalon going on to finish third in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe as a three-year-old.
It would be unfair to finish without mentioning the most famous of all the Grand Criterium’s losing horses: Sea Bird. The 1964 defeat was the only one of his career. Finding his rhythm late in the race, he closed down fast on his training companion Grey Dawn, emboldened after triumphing in the Prix Morny and Prix de la Salamandre, but was unable to reel him in.
The record of eight victories is held by Marcel Boussac: Durban (1920), Nosca (1941, dead heat), Caravelle (1942), Priam (1943), Nirgal (1945), Ambiorix (1948), Apollonia (1955) and Abdos (1961). His future wife, Mlle Fanny Heldy, was the owner of the 1923 winner Clavieres.
7 Edmond Blanc: Reverend (1890), Rueil (1891), Marly (1892), Cazabat (1897), Vinicius (1902), Val d'Or (1904) and Ouadi Halfa (1906).
7 Mme John Magnier: *Second Empire (1997), *Ciro (1999), **Rock of Gibraltar (2001), *Hold That Tiger (2002), *Oratorio (2004), ***Horatio Nelson (2005) and and Holy Roman Emperor (2006).
5 Comte Frederic de Lagrange: Nuncia (1858), Sonchamp (1863), Le Bearnais (1864), Montgoubert (1866) and Le Sarrazin (1867).
5 Paul Aumont: Damier (1862), Mlle de Fligny (1868), Revigny (1871), Fra Diavolo (1883) and Alger (1885).
4 Baron Arthur de Schickler: Perplexe (1874), Perplexite (1880), Dolma Baghtche (1893) and Le Sagittaire (1894).
4 Baron Edouard de Rothschild: Flamant (1926), Godiche (1929), Brantome (1933) and Teleferique (1936).
4 Baron Guy de Rothschild: Dragon Blanc (1952), Le Geographe (1953), Soleil (1965) and Mariacci (1974).
3 Comte Gustave de Juigne: Jonquille (1875), Jongleur (1876) and Mantille (1877).
3 Baron Arthur de Schickler: Perplexite (1880), Dolma Baghtche (1893) and Le Sagittaire (1894).
3 Edward Esmond: Dorina (1925), Indus (1930) and Mistress Ford (1935).
3 Mme Jean Couturie: Tiepoletto (1958), Right Royal (1960) and Neptunus (1963).
3 Daniel Wildenstein: Yelapa (1968), Lost World (1993 ) and Loup Solitaire (1995).
3 The Aga Khan: Blushing Groom (1976), Danishkada (1986) and Siyouni (2009).
3 Mahmoud Fustok: Dragon (1979), Green Forest (1981) and Fijar Tango (1987).
2 Hippolyte Mosselman: Allez Y Gaiement (1854) and Tonnerre des Indes (1857).
2 Prince Marc de Beauvau: Miss Cath (1855) and Duchess (1856).
2 Baron Leon Niviere: Isabella (1860) and Stradella (1861).
2 Major Fridolin: Sornette (1869) and Franc Tireur (1872).
2 Henry Jennings: Czar (1865) and Basilique (1879).
2 Auguste Lupin: Fideline (1873) and Cromatella (1889).
2 Henri Delamarre: Vigilant (1881) and Vernet (1882).
2 Comte Jacques Le Marois: Sauge Pourpree (1907) and Uriel (1909).
2 William K. Vanderbilt: Prestige (1905) and Montrose II (1911).
2 M. et Mme Ralph B. Strassburger: one for M. Strassburger, Clarion (1946); and one for Mme Strassburger, Angers (1959).
2 Mme P.A.B. Widener: Hula Dancer (1962) and Grey Dawn (1964).
2 The Niarchos family: one for Stavros Niarchos, Hector Protector (1990); and one for the Niarchos family, Way of Light (1998).
2 Khaled Abdullah: Tenby (1992) and American Post (2003).
* In association with Michael Tabor;
** in association with Sir Alex Ferguson;
*** in association with Mme David Nagle.
The record of eleven victories is held by Henry Jennings: Miss Cath (1855), Duchess (1856), Isabella (1860), Stradella (1861), Czar (1865), Revigny (1871), Jonquille (1875), Jongleur (1876), Mantille (1877), Basilique (1879) and The Condor (1884).
7 Etienne Pollet: Tyrone (1956), Tiepoletto (1958), Right Royal (1960), Hula Dancer (1962), Neptunus (1963), Grey Dawn (1964) and Silver Cloud (1966).
6 Aidan O’Brien: Second Empire (1997), Ciro (1999), Rock of Gibraltar (2001), Hold That Tiger (2002), Oratorio (2004), Horatio Nelson (2005) and Holy Roman Emperor (2006).
6 Robert Denman: The Condor (1884), Frapotel (1886), Vinicius (1902), Val d'Or (1904), Ouadi Halfa (1906) and Ptolemy (1924).
5 Tom Jennings: Nuncia (1858), Sonchamp (1863), Le Bearnais (1864), Montgoubert (1866) and Le Sarrazin (1867), all five owned by the Comte de Lagrange.
5 Charles Semblat: Nosca (1941, dead heat), Caravelle (1942), Priam (1943), Nirgal (1945) and Ambiorix (1948).
4 Frank Carter: Dorina (1925), Indus (1930), Mistress Ford (1935) and Gossip (1937).
4 Maurice Zilber: Yelapa (1968), Mississipian (1973), Treizieme (1983) and Femme Elite (1985).
4 Francois Boutin: Manado (1975), Super Concorde (1977), Hector Protector (1990) and Arazi (1991).
3 Spreoty: Mon Etoile (1859), Damier (1862) and Mlle de Fligny (1868).
3 Charles Pratt: Sornette (1869), Franc Tireur (1872) and Swift (1878).
3 William Webb: Perplexite (1880), Dolma Baghtche (1893) and Le Sagittaire (1894).
3 Arthur Carter: Rueil (1891), Marly (1892) and Cazabat (1897).
3 Francois Mathet: Tantieme (1949), Bella Paola (1957) and Blushing Groom (1976).
3 Geoffrey Watson: Dragon Blanc (1952), Le Geographe (1953) and Soleil (1965).
3 Mme Christiane Head-Maarek: Saint Cyrien (1982), Okawango (2000) and American Post (2003).
3 Andre Fabre: Jade Robbery (1989), Goldmark (1994) and Loup Solitaire (1995).
3 Aidan O'Brien: Second Empire (1997), Ciro (1999) and Rock of Gibraltar (2001).
2 Thomas R. Carter: Vigilant (1881) and Vernet (1882).
2 Fred Carter: Fra Diavolo (1883) and Alger (1885).
2 Edward Flatman: Reverend (1890) and Hero (1895).
2 Charles Bartholomew: Le Mandinet (1901) and Ecouen (1912).
2 William Duke: Prestige (1905) and Montrose II (1911).
2 Philippe Hanse: Sauge Pourpree (1907) and Uriel (1909).
2 George Stern: Durban (1920) and Clavieres (1923).
2 Lucien Robert: Brantome (1933) and Teleferique (1936).
2 John Cunnington: Martia (1941, dead heat) and Clarion (1946).
2 Mitri Saliba: Dragon (1979) and Green Forest (1981).
2 Alain de Royer-Dupré: Danishkada (1986) and Siyouni (2009).
The record of six victories is held jointly by George Stern: Vinicius (1902), Ob (1903), Val d'Or (1904), Ouadi Halfa (1906), Durban (1920) and Clavieres (1923); and Roger Poincelet: Ambiorix (1948), Cosmos (1951), Tiepoletto (1958), Right Royal (1960), Hula Dancer (1962) and Yelapa (1968).
5 Jacques Doyasbere: Nosca (1941, dead heat), Caravelle (1942), Priam (1943), Nirgal (1945) and Rigolo (1947).
4 Edgar Rolfe: Mantille (1877), Vigilant (1881), Vernet (1882) and Alger (1885).
3 Arthur Watkins: Isabella (1860), Czar (1865) and Mlle de Fligny (1868).
3 Charles Pratt: Stradella (1861), Sonchamp (1863) and Franc Tireur (1872).
3 Charles Bouillon: Godiche (1929), Brantome (1933) and Teleferique (1936).
3 Paul Blanc: Sicambre (1950), Dragon Blanc (1952) and Le Geographe (1953).
3 Lester Piggott: Sir Ivor (1967), Breton (1969) and My Swallow (1970).
3 Michael Kinane: Second Empire (1997), Ciro (1999) and Rock of Gibraltar (2001).
3 Kieren-Francis Fallon: Hold That Tiger (2002), Horatio Nelson (2005) and Holy Roman Emperor (2006).
2 Edward Flatman: Miss Cath (1855) and Duchess (1856).
2 R. Hunter: Fideline (1873) and The Condor (1884).
2 Tom Lane: Rueil (1891) and Dolma Baghtche (1893).
2 James Dodd: Hero (1895) and Ramadan (1899).
2 Maurice Barat: Golden Sky (1908) and Faucheur (1910).
2 Frank O'Neill: Montrose II (1911) and Ptolemy (1924).
2 Albert Sharpe: Odol (1919) and Amorina (1928).
2 Guy Garner: Kefalin (1921) and Dorina (1925).
2 Guy Duforez: La Bourrasque (1931) and Turbulent (1938).
2 George Bridgland: Mistress Ford (1935) and Gossip (1937).
2 Serge Boullenger: Beau Prince II (1954) and Apollonia (1955).
2 Pat Glennon: Neptunus (1963) and Grey Dawn (1964).
2 W.P. Pyers: Hard to Beat (1971) and Missisipian (1973).
2 Henri Samani: Satingo (1972) and Blushing Groom (1976).
2 Philippe Paquet: Manado (1975) and Super Concorde (1977).
2 Maurice Philipperon: Irish River (1978) and Kendor (1988).
2 Alfred Gibert: Green Forest (1981) and Fijar Tango (1987).
2 Freddy Head: Saint Cyrien (1982) and Hector Protector (1990).
2 Cash Asmussen: Jade Robbery (1989) and Way of Light (1998).
2 Gérald Mossé: Arazi (1991) and Siyouni (2009).
2 Olivier Peslier: Lost World (1993 ) and Loup Solitaire (1995).
2 Richard Hughes: American Post (2003) and Olympic Glory (2012).
2 Lanfranco Dettori: Rio de la Plata (2007) and Dabirsim (2011).